- A common name in the 1st cent. CE (‘Jakobos’ in Greek) and in the NT several men bear it:1) A son of Zebedee and brother of John [[➝ John the Apostle]] (Mark 3:17) and one of the twelve [[➝ Twelve, the]]; with Simon Peter and John he was also one of the more intimate group of three with Jesus, being present at the Transfiguration [[➝ transfiguration]] and in the garden of Gethsemane. He was beheaded by Herod Agrippa Ⅰ (Acts 12:2).2) Son of Alphaeus, and also one of the Twelve (Mark 3:18); he may be the ‘James the Less’ (AV; ‘James the Younger’, NRSV, REB, NJB, Mark 15:40) whose mother Mary was present at the crucifixion and became a witness of Jesus' resurrection (Mark 15:40; 16:1).3) A brother of Jesus (Gal. 1:19). The Greek does not necessarily demand that he should be another son of Mary, younger than Jesus, and as the belief in Mary's perpetual virginity grew in the Church, it was held either that James was a son of Joseph by a former marriage—Joseph's first wife having died—or that the word could denote ‘cousin’. Jerome (c.400 CE) took the view that James (and the other brothers, Mark 6:3) were the sons of another Mary, a sister of the mother of Jesus (John 19:25—the wife of Cleopas).James, the Lord's brother, saw the risen Jesus (1 Cor. 15:7) in spite of earlier hesitations about him (Mark 3:31–3) and became leader of the Church in Jerusalem (Acts 15:13). He sent a delegation to investigate the affairs of the Church in Antioch (Gal. 2:12), where Paul had converted Gentiles. He had a reputation in Jerusalem for great piety and became the Church's second known martyr, Stephen being the first. In 62 CE, after the sudden death of the procurator Festus, he was stoned by order of the high priest, Ananus, according both to the Jewish historian Josephus [[➝ Josephus, Flavius]] and the Christian Hegesippus (quoted by Eusebius).
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James — 1 James 2 James 3 James 4 James 5 … The King James version of the Bible
James 1 — 1 James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting. 2 My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations; 3 Knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh… … The King James version of the Bible
James — James, Henry James, Henry James, William * * * (as used in expressions) Agee, James Anderson, (James) Maxwell Audubon, John James Baldwin, James (Arthur) Balfour (de Whittingehame), Arthur James, 1 conde Ballard, J(ames) G(raham) Barrie, Sir… … Enciclopedia Universal
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James — is a common English surname and given name: James (name), the typically masculine first name James James (surname), various people with the last name James James may also refer to: Contents 1 People 2 Places 3 Science and Technology … Wikipedia
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James — prop. n. 1. William James, an American psychologist and philosopher (1842 1910). He was the brother of Henry James. Syn: William James. [WordNet 1.5] 2. Henry James, an American novelist and critic, born 1843, died 1916. He was the brother of… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
James I — may refer to:* James I, Count of La Marche (1319 1362), Count of Ponthieu * James I of Aragon (1208–1276), Count of Barcelona * James I of Sicily (1267–1327), King of Valencia * James I of Cyprus (1334–1398), Titular King of Armenia * James I of… … Wikipedia
James — [dʒeɪmz], 1) C. L. R. (Cyril Lionel Robert), westindischer Schriftsteller, * Tunapuna (bei Port of Spain, Trinidad) 4. 1. 1901, ✝ London 31. 5. 1989; war in den frühen 30er Jahren, von marxistischen und zeitweise auch trotzkistischen Ideen… … Universal-Lexikon
JAMES (C.) — JAMES CHARLES (1906 1978) Issu d’une famille américaine, Charles James effectue des études orageuses en Angleterre et en France avant de rejoindre ses parents à Chicago. C’est là qu’il ouvre, en 1926, une maison de modiste sous le nom de Charles… … Encyclopédie Universelle